CarbFix Project
- 09-02-001
Coordinator: Guðmundur Sigurður, Reynir Gíslason, Reykjavik Energy
Project finished in 2013
funding

Total project cost

ISK 74.5 M

GEORG SUPPORT

ISK 19.5 M

book

PROCEEDINGS

4

JOURNALS

18

REPORTS

17

student

Phd students

9

The overall objective of the CarbFix project developed
an industrial solution for mineral sequestration of CO2 in basalt, and trained young scientists to carry this knowledge into the future. The project consisted of field injection of
CO2-charged water at the Hellisheiði power plant in SW Iceland, laboratory experiments, computer modelling of fluid flow and gas-water-rock interactions, tracer tests, natural analogue- and cost analysis. CarbFix project members sought funds from GEORG to co-finance three parts of the development: CO2-charged seawater-basalt experiments to find out whether seawater can be used for mineral sequestration of CO2 from geothermal activities, the monitoring and analysis of gases and fluids in the bedrock, and modelling of the injected CO2.

Partners

lbnl_lawrence-berkley
university-of-iceland

Publications

Final report 2013

The geology and water chemistry of the Hellisheiði, SW-Iceland carbon storage site; Alfredsson, H.A., Oelkers, E.H., Hardarsson, B.S., Franzson, H., Gunnlaugsson, E., Gislason, S.R. (2013); International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 12, 399-418.

A novel high pressure column flow reactor for experimental studies of CO2 mineral storage; Galeczka, I., Wolff-Boenisch, D., Jónsson ,Th., Sigfusson, B., Stefansson, A., Gislason, S.R. (2013), Applied Chemistry; : 30, 91-104.

Experimental studies of basalt-H2O-CO2 interaction with a high pressure column flow reactor: the mobility of metals; Galeczka I., Wolff-Boenisch, D., Gislason, S.R (2013); Energy Procedia, 37, 5823–5832.

Do carbonate precipitates affect dissolution kinetics? 2: Diopside; Stockmann, G.J., Wolff-Boenisch, D., Gislason, S.R., Oelkers, E.H. (2013); Chemical Geology, 337, 56-66.

Multidimensional reactive transport modelling of CO2 mineral sequestration in basalts at the Hellisheiði geothermal field, Iceland; Aradóttir, E.S.P., Sonnenthal, E., Björnsson , G., Jónsson, H. (2012); International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 9, 24-40.

Effect of the heterotrophic bacterium Pseudomonas reactans on olivine dissolution kinetics and implications for CO2 storage in basalts (2012); Shirokova, L.S., Benezeth, P., Pokrovsky, O.S., Gerard, E., Menez, B., Alfredsson, H.; Geochemica et Cosmochimica Acta, 80, 30-50, doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2011.11.046

CO2–water–basalt interaction. Low temperature experiments and implications for CO2 sequestration into basalts (2012); Gysi, A., Stefánsson, A.; Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 81, 129-152

Opportunities and challenges for CarbFix: An evaluation of capacities and costs for the pilot scale mineralization sequestration project at Hellisheidi, Iceland and beyond (2011); International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 5, 4, 1065-1072; doi.org/10.1016/j.ijggc.2010.11.010

CarbFix – a CCS pilot project imitating and accelerating natural CO2 sequestration (2011); Aradottir, E.S.P., Sigurdardottir, H., Sigfusson, B., Gunnlaugsson, E.                Greenhouse Gases- Science and technology, 1, 2,105-118, DOI: 10.1002/ghg.18

The CarbFix Pilot Project – Storing Carbon Dioxide in Basalt (2011); Aradottir, E.S.P., Sigurdardottir, H., Sigfusson, B., Gunnlaugsson, E.; Energy Procedia, 4, 5579-5585, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2011.02.546 

 Dissolution of basalts and peridotite in seawater, in the presence of ligands, and CO2: Implications for mineral sequestration of carbon dioxide (2011); Wolff-Boenisch, D., Wenau, S., Gislason, S. R., Oelkers E.H.; Geochimicha et Cosmochimica, 75, 19, 5510-5525, 10.1016/j.gca.2011.07.004

CO2 sequestration in basaltic rocks in Iceland: Development of a piston-type downhole sampler for CO2 rich fluids and tracers (2011);  Alfredsson, H.A., Wolff-Boenisch, D., Stefánsson, A.; Energy Procedia 4, 4, 3510–3517 | 10th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies

An experimental study of crystalline basalt dissolution from 2 ≤ pH ≤ 11 and temperatures from 5 to 75◦ C (2011); Gudbrandsson, S., Wolff-Boenisch, D., Gislason, S.R., Oelkers, E.H.; Geochimica et Cosmochimica, 75, 19, 5496-5509, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2011.06.035

CO2–water–basalt interaction. Numerical simulation of low temperature CO2 sequestration into basalts (2011); Gysi, A.P., Stefánsson, A., Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75, 17, 4728-4751, doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2011.05.037

Do carbonate precipitates affect dissolution kinetics? 1: Basaltic glass. (2011); Stockmann, G.J., Wolff-Boenisch, D., Gislason, S.R., Oelkers, E.H.; Chemical Geology, 284, 3-4, 306-316

Development and evaluation of a thermodynamic dataset for phases of interest in CO2 mineral sequestration in basaltic rocks; Aradóttir, E.S.P., Sonnenthal, E.L., Jónsson, H. (2012), Chemical Geology, 304, 26-38.

 

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